The Sewing Machine a Revolutionary Device in all Aspects!
The first sewing machine was of industrial size because its only use was for commercial purposes. These sewing machines were very large and it wasnt until about 50 years later that the first small home sewing machines were created. Today most of us are familiar with Singer sewing machines. Yet, it was not Singer who created the first sewing machines.
The first industrial revolution introduced the world to new inventions, the sewing machine being one of those things. Because of the industrial boom, textile companies were growing rapidly and the first sewing machine came into existence to facilitate the hand work of large quantities of clothing. The first sewing machine was of industrial size because its only use was for commercial purposes. They were supposed to make the work of a seamstress easier and allow them to work more swiftly when sewing new items or fixing existent ones. These sewing machines were very large and it wasnt until about 50 years later that the first small home sewing machines were created.
Today most of us are familiar with Singer sewing machines. Yet, it was not Singer who created the first sewing machines. For the five decades following the first industrial revolution and the first sewing machines, a lot of men tried unsuccessfully to design smaller machines for home use. But the first design that closes resembles the sewing machine we know today, came into the picture in 1945 in the creation of Elias Howe. Upon patenting the first home sewing machine, Howe attempted to get people in England to buy into his design. During his absence, others began making money off of sewing machines they created, which emulated Howes design. One of the most successful at his design was Isaac Singer, the name most of us have heard of today. However, what made Singers design better was that he added the foot pedal, upgrading Howes design and that of others. Upon his return from the mother land, Howe sued Singer for copyright violation and won. Singer then had to pay Howe a fee for every sewing machine he sold. After the court case, Singer along with lawyer Edward Clark created a payment program, allowing homeowners and regular folks to apply for a payment plan which gave everyone the chance to own a sewing machine.
Yet, in the 1850s through the 60s it was Wilson and Wheeler who lead the production of sewing machines. Wilson and Wheelers model was quieter than the previous sewing machine models. During this time everyone was hoping to get a piece of the pie by creating sewing machines and threatening to sue for infringement. This chaos was known as the Sewing Machine War, which came to an end in 1856 with a signed agreement called the Sewing Machine Combination. This made a collectivity of the patents from the four leading sewing manufacturers. Those who were not part of the collectivity and wanted a patent had to obtain a license and pay royalties per sewing machine they sold. This remained until 1877 with the expiration of the agreements and as a result of the collective patents.
Singer became part of sewing machine history once again in 1889, with the creation of the first electrical machine. This is the primary reason Singer became a familiar name among housewives and those who owned a sewing machine. As more Americans had electricity at home, the popularity of electrical devices grew, and with it the desire to own a sewing machine. Those who own a sewing machine today can agree that they all look the same or at least have a pretty uniform style. However, to arrive at its modern design, the sewing machine encountered a rather treacherous and controversial road. If it had not been for one visionary hoping to facilitate the production of large quantities of clothing, the sewing machine as we know it today may be totally different, or maybe not! One thing for sure is that the sewing machine also saw its emergence during the first industrial revolution.